North American Network Operators Group

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Re: BGP Security and PKI Hierarchies (was: Re: Wifi Security)

  • From: Steven M. Bellovin
  • Date: Wed Nov 23 20:46:01 2005

In message <[email protected]>, George Michaelson writes
>According to what I understand, there have to be two certificates per
>	one is the CA-bit enabled certificate, used to sign subsidiary
>	certificates about resources being given to other people to use.
>	the other is a self-signed NON-CA certificate, used to sign
>	route assertions you are attesting to yourself: you make this
>	cert using the CA cert you get from your logical parent.
Or your parent could have a CA and issue you two certs, one for signing 
route assertions and one for signing certificates you issue to your 
downstreams.  That in turn has another interesting implication: an ISP 
can *enforce* a contract that prohibits a downstream from reselling 
connectivity, at least if the resold connectivity includes a BGP 
announcement -- the ISP would simply decline to sign a CA certificate 
for its customer, thereby depriving it of the ability to delegate 
portions of its address space.  (N.B.  Certificates include usage 
fields that say what the cert is good for.)

		--Steven M. Bellovin,