North American Network Operators Group

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RE: Exodus/C&W Depeering

  • From: Sean M. Doran
  • Date: Tue Mar 26 18:00:52 2002

The "universal service" requirement is governmental protection for
the incumbent.  Or are you suggesting that the requirement for
universal service is natural, rather than regulatory?

Monopolies (there is nothing natural about them) are normal
only when they are socially established and maintained.
Thank you governmental economic planners for the frameworks
in which each one of them has evolved.  As always, you know best!


| repeat after me "Natural monopolies are normal in cerain environments, where
| univeral service is required".