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Re: Alternative to BGP-4 for multihoming?
> TCP performance is affected by congestion symmetry, since TCP uses the > spacing of ACK packets to control the spacing of data packets. True, but this is a second order effect. The strongest effects are (1) loss rate on the forward path, and (2) bottleneck throughput on the forward path (these two being related). TCP is much more tolerant of lost acks than lost packets - you have to lose an entire flight of acks before it really kills you. So I suspect the match-the-outgoing-hop-with-the-incoming-hop approach is working better for some other reason. Perhaps it's reflecting that Web surfing is in fact bidirectional, and often not all that assymetrically (a small request fetches a small item). In that case, congestion symmetry will help, since both directions are forward paths at some point. Vern